About Rabindranath Tagore Birth
On May 9th 1861, a national gem, Rabindranath was born to Sharada Devi and Devendranath Tagore of Bengal.
About Rabindranath Tagore Education
Rabindranath did not want to study at a school. So he was home schooled for his primary education. Later on he went to England for secondary education. During this period, he was inspired by the speeches of Professor Marle, thus started appreciating the English literature. He used to converse with scholars, attend musical concerts to gain knowledge about English traditions. When he was in England, he wrote a book called, “Bhagna Hridaya”. He stayed in England for 18 months, but returned to India without getting any degree.
Rabindranath Tagore (1861-1941) was the youngest son of Debendranath Tagore, a leader of the Brahmo Samaj, which was a new religious sect in nineteenth-century Bengal and which attempted a revival of the ultimate monistic basis of Hinduism as laid down in the Upanishads. He was educated at home; and although at seventeen he was sent to England for formal schooling, he did not finish his studies there. In his mature years, in addition to his many-sided literary activities, he managed the family estates, a project which brought him into close touch with common humanity and increased his interest in social reforms. He also started an experimental school at Shantiniketan where he tried his Upanishadic ideals of education. From time to time he participated in the Indian nationalist movement, though in his own non-sentimental and visionary way; and Gandhi, the political father of modern India, was his devoted friend. Tagore was knighted by the ruling British Government in 1915, but within a few years he resigned the honour as a protest against British policies in India.
Tagore had early success as a writer in his native Bengal. With his translations of some of his poems he became rapidly known in the West. In fact his fame attained a luminous height, taking him across continents on lecture tours and tours of friendship. For the world he became the voice of India’s spiritual heritage; and for India, especially for Bengal, he became a great living institution.
About Rabindranath Tagore Writings
Although Tagore wrote successfully in all literary genres, he was first of all a poet. Among his fifty and odd volumes of poetry are Manasi (1890) [The Ideal One], Sonar Tari (1894) [The Golden Boat], Gitanjali (1910) [Song Offerings], Gitimalya (1914) [Wreath of Songs], and Balaka (1916) [The Flight of Cranes]. The English renderings of his poetry, which include The Gardener (1913), Fruit-Gathering (1916), and The Fugitive (1921), do not generally correspond to particular volumes in the original Bengali; and in spite of its title, Gitanjali: Song Offerings (1912), the most acclaimed of them, contains poems from other works besides its namesake. Tagore’s major plays are Raja (1910) [The King of the Dark Chamber], Dakghar (1912) [The Post Office], Achalayatan (1912) [The Immovable], Muktadhara (1922) [The Waterfall], and Raktakaravi (1926) [Red Oleanders]. He is the author of several volumes of short stories and a number of novels, among them Gora (1910), Ghare-Baire (1916) [The Home and the World], and Yogayog (1929) [Crosscurrents]. Besides these, he wrote musical dramas, dance dramas, essays of all types, travel diaries, and two autobiographies, one in his middle years and the other shortly before his death in 1941. Tagore also left numerous drawings and paintings, and songs for which he wrote the music himself.
About Rabindranath Tagore Death
Rabindranath Tagore died on August 7, 1941.
About Rabindranath Tagore Works
Rabindranath published many poems, articles, commentaries at a very young age. His book, “Sndhyageet” was well received by all contemporary poets. “Vandemataram” composer, Bankimchandra Chatterji also praised Rabindranath. His father was impressed by his devotional songs and gave him enough money to publish them. Later on, Rabindranath wrote two poetry books, “ Nirgarer Swapnabhang” and “Prabhat Sangeet”.
About Rabindranath Tagore Literary work
Among Rabindranath’s literary work, “Gitanjali” is considered the greatest. He translated some of his Bengali devotional songs into English and named that book “Gitanjali”. Later on it was translated into many world languages and was recognized by all as one of the best among world literature. Rabindranath was awarded Nobel Prize in literature for Gitanjali. The songs of Gitanjali point out the causes for human misery, preach to love all beings, and teach to recognize the virtue of hard work.
Rabindranath was not only a poet, he also established “Shanti Niketan” school based on the age old Indian traditional education system, the Gurukula style. In Shanti Niketan students are free to choose the subjects that excite their mind and open their horizons. He also believed in development of villages leads to a strong nation. He worked hard toward resuscitation of villages.
Rabindranath’s first play was “Valmeeki Pratibha”. Then he wrote “Post Office”, a play revolves around a boy named Amal. The play, “Chitrangada” brought him good fame as a playwright. He wrote about a sage that deserted this world, in the play “Prakriti-Prateekar”. Many more plays like “Visarjana”, “Kachadevayani”, “Saradotsav”, “Muktadhara”, and “Nateerpuja” are all examplese of his wizardry of play writing. He believed in brotherhood of all religions. This social awakening message is the theme of his world famous novel, “Gora”.
About Rabindranath Tagore Painting
Rabindranath started painting when he was 70 years old. His paintings were in art exhibitions at world cities like London, Paris, New York and others. He painted nearly 2000 paintings. He loved music. Rabindranath was naturally a great patriot. He sang devotional songs at many Hindu gatherings. He also wrote poetic dramas like “Pridhviraj Parajay” that revolves around patriotism. He protested against British for imprisonment of Lokamanya Tilak. He played a pivotal role in the movement against division of Bengal. He organized many fund raising events to collect donations for national trust.
Rabindranath was irreversibly saddened when the second world war started. His health deteriorated gradually. He sought medial treatment in Calcutta for his diseases due to depression, but it was too late. On July 8th 1942, “the Sun of fine arts” left this world leaving the entire Subcontinent in tears.